Researchers are actively working to find out more about the benefits of using CBD or Cannabidiol. But isn’t it only used to get high? Not really. CBD treats various kinds of health issues such as epilepsy, anxiety, depression, and chronic pain. According to research presented in the ‘Annual European Congress of Rheumatology, 52% of participants have tried CBD for medical purposes. However, FDA does not regulate its sale. There are mainly two varieties of CBD – CBD isolate and full-spectrum CBD. But which one is the right one for you? Before you decide the winner between CBD isolates vs. full-spectrum CBD, read on to know more about CBD.
How is CBD Made?
CBD is one of the most prevalent components of the hemp plant. You can extract CBD to make different kinds of products. Although many people smoke it, you can buy CBD gummies, oils, tinctures, and edibles. It has a calming effect on your body as it reacts with your Endocannabinoid System. This system is responsible for regulating bodily procedures such as sleep, attention, mood, etc. However, you cannot get high on CBD. It is not a psychoactive element. It is often confused with THC, which is another cannabinoid found in marijuana plants. But how can you extract CBD from hemp plants? There are a couple of techniques for carrying out the extraction. The most commonly used is the CO2 extraction method. This is the safest way to extract pure CBD.
However, it is an industrial process and can be a tad expensive. You can use primary solvent extraction as well. CBD manufacturers use solvents such as butane for this process. It is a less expensive method and is used for commercial purposes. However, the process requires the usage of flammable solvents and can be risky. Some people choose solventless extraction. It is a rudimentary method where you apply heat, friction, or pressure to the buds of the hemp plant. You can try it at home since no additional equipment is needed for it. However, it is not a feasible option in the long run as it is a cumbersome process.
Moreover, you can compromise CBD’s purity. When you look at hemp extract vs. full spectrum, both kinds of CBD are extracted using similar processes. However, the former is more refined than the latter.
What is CBD Isolate?
Before choosing a side in the CBD Isolate vs. Full Spectrum CBD debate, let’s read more about the former option. CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD. It is devoid of other cannabinoids that are generally found in a marijuana plant. In simple words, it is free of any THC, flavonoids, and terpenes. While most other kinds of CBD contain THC, this is not the case for CBD isolate. Therefore, it cannot get you high. Manufacturers use several types of processes to extract CBD in its pure, crystallized form. Some common methods to extract CBD isolate are lipid extraction, solvent extraction, carbon dioxide extraction, and steam distillation.
What is Full Spectrum CBD?
Full-spectrum CBD is another kind of CBD. It contains all sorts of cannabinoids, including THC. However, the THC content cannot be legally more than 0.3%. Apart from THC, it contains terpenes, flavonoids, and other cannabinoids. You can find over 150 terpenes in a cannabis plant. Apart from adding to the fragrance of the product, it has many therapeutic benefits.
Similarly, there are over 20 flavonoids in a cannabis plant. Research indicates that flavonoids have neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory, and anti-carcinogenic properties. Between full spectrum CBD vs. CBD isolate, people prefer full-spectrum CBD as it displays the entourage effect. According to entourage effect theory, CBD tends to work better when combined with other kinds of cannabinoids. Full Spectrum CBD is considered as the most potent CBD type, people with various problems buy Full Spectrum CBD for remedy.
How CBD Isolate and Full Spectrum CBD Compare?
In the CBD isolate vs. CBD full-spectrum debate, here are some key differences between the two:
- Full-spectrum CBD contains a wide range of cannabinoids. The synergistic effects of full-spectrum CBD are considered superior to that of CBD isolate. However, CBD isolate contains only CBD. It is effective but not as much as full-spectrum CBD.
- CBD isolates allow its users to know more about the CBD content. If you are looking to buy pure CBD, it is a better choice. Full-spectrum CBD contains several other cannabinoids. Hence, the CBD content in this type is lower than that of CBD isolate.
- CBD isolate is devoid of any taste. Unlike full spectrum CBD, it does not have an earthy taste to it.
- CBD isolates are more expensive than full spectrum CBD. Since the former is pure CBD, you will need more plant matter to manufacture it. Hence, it leads to an increase in its price.
Why Use CBD Isolate?
Let’s look at why you should choose the former in the CBD isolate vs. full-spectrum CBD debate. You can find CBD isolate in various forms. From powders to edibles – you can purchase them from any well-known company online. But why do people use CBD isolate? Since it only contains CBD, it an ideal product for first-time users. They can experience the therapeutic benefits of the product without experiencing the high.
Similarly, CBD isolate is more refined than any other kind of CBD. Research conducted in 2015 suggested that CBD isolate is ideal for dealing with pain-related symptoms. However, it would be best if you took specific dosages to show results.
Why Use Full Spectrum CBD?
Even in small dosages, full-spectrum CBD is more potent than CBD isolate. This can be attributed to the entourage effect. Hence, you will be able to see its therapeutic effects at lower dosages as well. On top of that, you can use it to treat a wide range of health conditions. Full-spectrum CBD can prevent seizures in epilepsy patients. It helps to relieve pain and muscle spasms. Many psychotic patients use full-spectrum CBD to reduce their symptoms. Researchers believe that it can treat anxiety.
Moreover, it acts as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. In 2018, a meta-analysis suggested that pure CBD products are less effective in reducing seizures in epilepsy patients than full-spectrum CBD products. Around 71% of full-spectrum CBD users in that research reported lesser occurrence of seizure. On the other hand, only 41% of the participants who used CBD isolate experienced reduced seizure occurrence. Between CBD isolate vs. full-spectrum CBD, the latter is less refined. Consumers tend to use Full spectrum CBD as it is less processed than CBD isolate.
Which Cannabinoid Extract is Right for You?
The benefits of CBD Isolate vs. full spectrum CBD has been discussed above. Both CBD isolate and Full spectrum CBD has their advantages. The former is the purest form of CBD available in the market. It is more expensive but only contains CBD. If you do not want an earthy taste in your CBD products, you should choose CBD isolate. However, if you want your product to work faster and cannot spend a lot of money, you should select Full spectrum CBD. It works better due to the entourage effect. However, you should always consult a doctor before you start using any CBD product.
Safety and Side Effects
Unfortunately, FDA has approved only one CBD-based drug named Epidolex. Hence, there are no proper regulations for selling CBD. But do not worry. If you buy CBD products from a well-reputed company, you will not face any issues. All the companies need to follow the Farm Bill 2018 to sell CBD products. The law requires them to only include 0.3% THC in their products. This means that you may not get high yet use CBD as alternative medicine. However, there might be subtle side effects of using it. Side effects of CBD isolate vs. full-spectrum CBD are comparable such as dry mouth, drowsiness, fatigue, reduced appetite, and diarrhea. Always ask a doctor before you start using CBD. CBD might react with certain medications such as :
- Anti-depressants like Prozac or Fluoxetine
- Macrolide antibiotics like Erythromycin and clarithromycin
- Heart medication like calcium channel blockers
Hence, you will have to get cleared by your general physician.
The Bottom Line
Hence, there is no clear winner in the CBD isolate vs. full-spectrum CBD debate. While both have their weaknesses, they can be used to treat a wide range of medical conditions. CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD, whereas Full Spectrum CBD contains different kinds of cannabinoids. You need to research more about these two methods and then select the one you want to use. Make sure that you buy a CBD product from a good company online. When you are purchasing the product, you should read the kind of CBD used to manufacture it.