As time goes on, the demand for CBD is increasing. CBD is one of the most well-known phytocannabinoids extracted from cannabis hemp plants. Its extraordinary health healing benefits have placed it on the track of good fame. Up to 40% CBD may be found in the cannabis plant’s extract. There are mainly three types of CBD, and each type of CBD has different health benefits. CBD full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and CBD isolate the types of potent CBD.
Now, you may ask, what is broad spectrum CBD? How is broad-spectrum CBD made? To know the exact answers, go through this article. Because to help you find your answers is our mission and vision. We present a relative discussion on full-spectrum CBD vs. broad-spectrum CBD, about broad-spectrum CBD gummies, broad-spectrum CBD for dogs, how it is made, and the benefits of broad-spectrum CBD.
What is Broad Spectrum CBD?
Broad-spectrum CBD is the same as the full-spectrum CBD, just without any THC, because the broad-spectrum CBD is processed by removing THC and is most often sold as an oil. It contains many different chemical compounds, including-
- Cannabichromene (CBC)
- Cannabinol (CBN)
- Terpenes like myrcene, limonene, or pinene
Removing tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) makes broad-spectrum CBD products different from full-spectrum products containing less than 0.3 percent THC.
Differences are also present between broad-spectrum products and CBD isolate products as the latter contains pure CBD but no other cannabis compounds.
How is Broad Spectrum CBD Made?
Broad-spectrum CBD extract is the same as full-spectrum, but the only essential difference is zero THC. So how is broad-spectrum CBD made? Broad-spectrum CBD is made by removing THC from full-spectrum extract or adding pure CBD with other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids without THC.
Several methods are generally used to extract CBD from the cannabis plant. These include:
- Steam distillation
- Solvent extraction
- Carbon dioxide extraction
- Lipid extraction
To make the standard CBD products, specially selected best quality hemp is completely dried out, and then the raw dried hemp is ground into bristly powder form. Raw hemp is not used for the production of broad-spectrum CBD extracts directly. It is used for producing full-spectrum CBD extracts before making broad-spectrum CBD. The CO2 (Carbon-Di-Oxide) extraction method is preferable for extracting CBD to keep the range of cannabinoids present in the whole plant extract maximum.
After completing the CBD extraction process, THC is separated from full-spectrum extracts to make it broad-spectrum CBD. The extract is sent through a distillation phase and a patented cannabinoid separation to remove THC. The final product is checked continuously for THC detection. Thus, the product is made entirely free from THC, and finally, it is broad-spectrum.
Full-Spectrum CBD vs. Broad Spectrum CBD
The main difference between full-spectrum CBD vs. broad-spectrum CBD is the compounds they contain. A CBD product that contains several naturally occurring cannabis plant extracts, like terpenes and other cannabinoids, including up to 0.3% THC, is full-spectrum CBD.
The full-spectrum CBD can have all the chemical compounds existing in the cannabis plants, such as:
- Fatty acids
All the constituents of full-spectrum CBD have a therapeutic value and help create the entourage effect. The full-spectrum CBD also has the other most famous and the most significant cannabinoid, tetrahydrocannabinol or THC, the natural chemical compound with psychoactive properties to make a person feel “high.” That’s why CBD or CBD products containing more than 0.3% THC are illegal.
On the other hand, broad-spectrum CBD contains several cannabis plant compounds, but it is free of THC. So, broad-spectrum CBD has no psychoactive properties and doesn’t get you high. For this quality, it has no chance to be illegal.
Ethanol and shallow heat method/process- the RSO method or whole plant oil- an extremely long vacuum extraction process can produce full-spectrum extracts. Methods like steam distillation, solvent extraction, carbon dioxide extraction, or lipid extraction can extract broad-spectrum CBD.
Unlike full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD has zero THC. Broad-spectrum CBD is excellent for experiencing the benefits of a full-spectrum CBD or CBD product without any THC. Using a full-spectrum CBD product may have the risk of showing up positive on a drug test even if the percentage of THC is under 0.3. But a broad-spectrum CBD product is entirely risk-free for not having THC at all.
Full-spectrum extracts are much dark in color, and their flavors are earthy and vegetal. Full-spectrum extract maintains the range of your desired compounds in a cannabis plant without changing them through decarboxylation or oxidation.
What Are the Benefits of Broad-Spectrum CBD?
The FDA-approved CBD has less than 0.3% THC that carries the aspects of full-spectrum CBD. So the full-spectrum CBD has many health benefits. But you should bear in mind that broad-spectrum CBD extract offers similar health benefits as full-spectrum products without any of the potential risks of THC.
Unlike isolate CBD, broad-spectrum CBD contains almost all additional compounds found in the cannabis plant, and they work together to produce a heightened effect known as the ‘entourage effect. This effect may increase the likelihood that the broad-spectrum CBD product will produce beneficial health effects.
Again, if you consider full-spectrum CBD vs. broad-spectrum CBD, you can find a discernible difference. You’ll see that, unlike full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD generally does not contain the critical element- THC, and it does not create the unwanted ‘high’ effects.
Although research is insufficient and there are still many unknown things, it still may offer some impressive health benefits. Some research discloses that CBD:
- May help with pain and anxiety
- It May help improve sleep
- Contains anti-inflammatory properties
- Can help to reduce seizures in people with epilepsy (Epidiolex is the only prescription CBD product approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for seizures)
The broad-spectrum CBD products also have potentially beneficial compounds like terpenes- the aromatic compounds naturally found in cannabis plants. A 2011 review of studies from the British Journal of Pharmacology suggests that using terpenes and phytocannabinoids together may be beneficial for:
- Fungal infection
But, as many people are often curious to know, using broad-spectrum CBD for dogs may pose some side effects, including:
- Dry mouth
- Changes in appetite
- Gastrointestinal uneasiness
- Altered liver enzymes
Risks of Full-Spectrum CBD Products
Since FDA does not regulate CBD products, one potential risk of full-spectrum CBD is that- there is no guarantee that the product contains THC less than 0.3%. If it contains more THC or if you take a large enough dose of a potent product, you may feel “high” due to the THC. Full-spectrum CBD products contain THC. So, taking this, you may run a higher risk of testing positive if you take a drug test.
Will it Get You High?
The natural chemical compound in cannabis responsible for getting you high is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) because of its psychoactive properties. The broad-spectrum CBD products have natural cannabinoids like CBC, CBG, and CBN, except THC only. Broad-spectrum CBD products are THC-free, and so they don’t create any psychoactive effects. Because of this non-psychoactive effect, broad-spectrum CBD will not get you high.
The Bottom Line
Broad-spectrum CBD is the ideal bet if you want to reap the benefits of other natural compounds like terpenes and other cannabinoids still avoiding THC. You can get broad-spectrum CBD in many forms- gummies, topicals, and capsules. Broad-spectrum CBD gummies are edibles that have an accurate dose of CBD in each piece.
CBD gummies can give you a controlled way to take CBD and easily keep track of the quantity you’re taking daily. Lastly, do not forget to pay close attention to the labeling, dosage recommendations, and quality of the brands you select. Always consult a doctor before trying CBD if you have any confusion.